With a population of more than 12 million people, Beijing, also called “Jing” is a bustling metropolis that is the capital city of China. The city is arguably one of the most historical and cultural cities and ancient capitals in the world. As the country’s political, cultural and international exchange center, Beijing hosted the Olympic Games in 2008.
Beijing offers visitors a bevy of more than 200 tourist attractions and 7,300 historical sites. The immensely popular Great Wall at Badaling, Palace Museum, Temple of Heaven, which is the largest imperial palace in the world where emperors of old paid homage to heaven, the Summer Palace, are some of Beijing’s must-sees. At dusk, a plethora of live entertainment, including Chinese operas, acrobatics and traditional dining options are to be sampled.
Beijing makes up the most important hub in mainland China for air, rail, and road transportation. It’s home to China’s largest and busiest airport, the Capital International Airport, where most domestic and international flights arrive and depart. Located in the southern part of the city is a second airport, Nanyuan Aiport. Plans for a third airport, Beijing New Airport, are in development.
Serving Beijing’s dense population is the city’s well-appointed train transit system which is busiest during rush hour. On road, more than 20,000 city buses ply 700 routes stretching into other areas of the city and suburbs. For long-distance travel to other parts of the country, Beijingís comprehensive railway network offers high-speed connections to other cities – such as Guangzhou, Shanghai, Hong Kong, and Tianjin ñ as do buses which also service similar inter-city routes.
Getting a taxi is easy in Beijing and is one of the most convenient ways for visitors to travel around this sprawling metropolis. For more leisurely travel, bicycle rentals are widely available, while rickshaws present a more traditional way to take in the sights and experience local culture.